Total Precast in High Rise Building Structures

Posted on April 3, 2020 by Jenny Frost

Generally, the “go to” building systems for structures from two to eight stories is either steel or poured in place concrete.  However, use of total precast for buildings of this size is more common in some parts of the country like Denver and South Eastern United States.  Total precast means that the stairs and stairwells, elevator shafts and parking accommodation are all precast concrete.  The advantages are obvious: speed, fire resistance, economy, continuous insulation and thermal advantages are all evident.  Precast provides for flexibility in layouts, including a number of products that accommodate headroom requirements and providing open spaces.

Precast concrete buildings not only offer designers flexibility in the shapes they’re able to form and designs they’re able to create, but they also offer more uninterrupted and usable floor space than steel-framed buildings. Precast concrete helps meet challenges with a variety of capabilities that aid the owner, designer, and contractor and provide long-term benefits to users. The design versatility of precast concrete allows for almost any shape element, such as curved and radial sections, with flexibility in connection points and load paths. High strength, prestressed concrete structural members also deliver exceptional load-carrying capacity, which can result in smaller sections, longer spans, or both when compared to other structural systems.

As for high rise buildings, it’s advantageous to use concrete because it takes far less labor to place and finish the project. In addition, wind, elevators and budget often cap the height on a building well before the limits of either steel or concrete are exceeded.  Concrete elements are suitable for any climate and can be freely adapted to any specific culture.

In times past, most of the tallest skyscrapers in the world were made of steel – but now new techniques in construction mean that concrete has become more attractive to architects, structural engineers, owners and contractors.  As buildings soar higher and higher, it’s fascinating to see new technologies emerging to meet the demand, and to see concrete at the top of that list. A desire to build more elaborate buildings with better working spaces lends to a shift in thinking, with more consideration towards using a concrete solution for high rise buildings. Currently one of the highest concrete buildings standing is 432 Park Avenue in New York with 85 floors

.   

The following is a list of tallest buildings that use concrete as their main structural element.

100 Tallest Completed Buildings in the World by Height to Architectural Top

# Building Name City Height (m) Height (ft) Floors Completion Material Use
25 432 Park Avenue New York City (US) 425.7 1,397 85 2015 concrete residential
26 Marina 101 Dubai (AE) 425 1,394 101 2017 concrete residential / hotel
27 Trump International Hotel & Tower Chicago (US) 423.2 1,389 98 2009 concrete residential / hotel
30 Al Hamra Tower Kuwait City (KW) 412.6 1,354 80 2011 concrete office
32 LCT The Sharp Landmark Tower Busan (KR) 411.6 1,350 101 2019 concrete hotel / residential
34 23 Marina Dubai (AE) 392.4 1,287 88 2012 concrete residential
40 Burj Mohammed Bin Rashid Abu Dhabi (AE) 381.2 1,251 88 2014 concrete residential
42 Elite Residence Dubai (AE) 380.5 1,248 87 2012 concrete residential
43 Central Plaza Hong Kong (CN) 373.9 1,227 78 1992 concrete office
44 Federation Tower Moscow (RU) 373.7 1,226 93 2016 concrete residential / office
46 The Address Boulevard Dubai (AE) 370 1,214 73 2017 concrete residential / hotel / retail
50 Almas Tower Dubai (AE) 360 1,181 68 2008 concrete office
53 JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Tower 1 Dubai (AE) 355.4 1,166 82 2012 concrete hotel
53 JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Tower 2 Dubai (AE) 355.4 1,166 82 2013 concrete hotel
58 OKO - Residential Tower Moscow (RU) 354.2 1,162 90 2015 concrete residential / serviced apartments / hotel
59 The Torch Dubai (AE) 352 1,155 86 2011 concrete residential
61 The Pinnacle Guangzhou (CN) 350.3 1,149 60 2012 concrete office
67 NEVA TOWERS 2 Moscow (RU) 345 1,132 79 2020 concrete residential
69 Four Seasons Place Kuala Lumpur (MY) 342.5 1,124 74 2018 concrete residential / hotel
70 ADNOC Headquarters Abu Dhabi (AE) 342 1,122 65 2015 concrete office
72 LCT The Sharp Residential Tower A Busan (KR) 339.1 1,113 85 2019 concrete residential
76 Mercury City Tower Moscow (RU) 338.8 1,112 75 2013 concrete residential / office
81 DAMAC Heights Dubai (AE) 335.1 1,099 88 2018 concrete residential
82 Shimao International Plaza Shanghai (CN) 333.3 1,094 60 2006 concrete hotel / office / retail
83 LCT The Sharp Residential Tower B Busan (KR) 333.1 1,093 85 2019 concrete residential
85 The Address Residence - Fountain Views III Dubai (AE) 331.8 1,089 77 2019 concrete serviced apartments / hotel
93 Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower Hanoi (VN) 328.6 1,078 72 2012 concrete hotel / residential / office
94 Al Yaqoub Tower Dubai (AE) 328 1,076 69 2013 concrete hotel / office
100 The Index Dubai (AE) 326 1,070 80 2010 concrete residential / office
                 

Source: https://www.skyscrapercenter.com/buildings

Jenny Frost
Marketing Director

Spencer Kubat
VP Sales